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Cranial Nerve Summary
CNN # Name Foramen Function Tell me more
I Olfactory Cribiform Plate Special Sensory: Smell Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
II Optic Optic Canal Special Sensory: Sight Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
III Oculomotor Superior Orbital Fissure Somatic Motor: Superior, Medial, Inferior Rectus, Inferior Oblique 
Visceral Motor: Sphincter Pupillae 
Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
IV Trochlear Superior Orbital Fissure Somatic Motor: Superior Oblique Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
V Trigeminal V1: Sup Orb Fissure
V2: Foramen Rotundum
V3: Foramen Ovale
Somatic Sensory: Face 
Somatic Motor: Mastication, Tensor Tympani, Tensor Palati 
Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
VI Abducens Superior Orbital Fissure Somatic Motor: Lateral Rectus Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
VII Facial Internal Auditory Canal Somatic sensory: Posterior External Ear Canal 
Special Sensory: Taste (Anterior 2/3 Tongue) 
Somatic Motor: Muscles Of Facial Expression
Visceral Motor: Salivary Glands, Lacrimal Glands
Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
VIII VestibuloCochlear Internal Auditory Canal Special Sensory: Auditory/Balance Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
IX Glossopharyngeal Jugular Foramen Somatic Sensory: Posterior 1/3 Tongue, Middle Ear 
Visceral Sensory: Carotid Body/Sinus 
Special Sensory: Taste (Posterior 1/3 Tongue) 
Somatic Motor: Stylopharyngeus 
Visceral Motor: Parotid Gland
Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
X Vagus Jugular Foramen Somatic Sensory: External Ear 
Visceral Sensory: Aortic Arch/Body 
Special sensory: Taste Over Epiglottis 
Somatic Motor: Soft Palate, Pharynx, Larynx (Vocalization and Swallowing) 
Visceral Motor: Bronchoconstriction, Peristalsis, Bradycardia, Vomitting
Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
XI Spinal Accessory Jugular Foramen Somatic Motor: Trapezius, Sternocleidomastoid Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images
XII Hypoglossal Hypoglossal Canal Somatic Motor: Tongue Physical Exam...
Pathology...
Images

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References:

Eye Motion Simulator (Requires Shockwave)

Bates, B et al. "A Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking. 6th Edition. J.B. Lippincott; Philadelphia. 1995.

Carpenter, MB. Core Text of Neuroanatomy. 4th Edition. Wiliams and Wilkins; Baltimore. 1991.

Guyton GC. Basic Neuroscience--Anatomy and Physiology. Saunders; Philadelphia. 1991.

Isselbacher KJ et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 13th Edition. McGraw Hill; New york. 1994.

Mai JK, Assheuer J, Paxinos G. Atlas of the Human Brain.Academic Press; San Diego. 1997.

FitzGerald MJT. Neuroanatomy Basic and Applied. Bailliere Tindall; London. 1985.

Palacios E, Fine M, Haughton, VM. Multiplanar Anatomy of the Head and Neck for Computed Tomography. John Wiley and Sons; New York. 1980.

Swartz, MH. Textbook of Physical Diagnosis--History and Examination.2nd Edition. Saunders; Philadelphia. 1994.

Wilson-Pauwels L, Akesson EJ, Stewart PA. Cranial Nerves--Anatomy and Clinical Comments. B.C. Decker Inc; Toronto. 1988.

Zee CS. Neuroradiology--A Study Guide. McGraw Hill; New York. 1996.


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